Alogliptin and Metformin To Improve Blood Sugar Control for Type 2 Diabetes - Overview


What Is Alogliptin-Metformin?

Alogliptin and metformin are oral diabetes medicines that help control blood sugar levels.

Metformin works by decreasing glucose (sugar) production in the liver and decreasing absorption of glucose by the intestines. Alogliptin works by regulating the levels of insulin your body produces after eating.

Alogliptin and metformin is a combination medicine that is used together with diet and exercise to improve blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.This medicine is not for treating type 1 diabetes.

Alogliptin and metformin may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

You should not use this medicine if you have severe kidney disease or diabetic ketoacidosis (call your doctor for treatment).

You may developlactic acidosis,a dangerous build-up of lactic acid in your blood. Call your doctor or get emergency medical help if you have unusual muscle pain, trouble breathing, stomach pain, dizziness, feeling cold, or feeling very weak or tired.

You should not use this medicine if you are allergic to alogliptin or metformin, or if you have severe kidney disease or diabetic ketoacidosis (call your doctor for treatment with insulin).

Tell your doctor if you have ever had:

  • kidney disease;
  • heart disease;
  • liver disease;
  • pancreatitis;
  • gallstones; or
  • alcoholism.

You may developlactic acidosis,a dangerous build-up of lactic acid in your blood. This may be more likely if you have other medical conditions, a severe infection, chronic alcoholism, or if you are 65 or older. Ask your doctor about your risk.

If you need to have any type of x-ray or CT scan using a dye that is injected into your veins, you will need to temporarily stop taking alogliptin and metformin.Be sure your caregivers know ahead of time that you are using this medicine.

Follow your doctor's instructions about using this medicineif you are pregnant or breast-feeding a baby.Blood sugar control is very important during pregnancy, and your dose needs may be different during each trimester of pregnancy. Your dose needs may also be different while you are breast-feeding.

This medicine may stimulate ovulation in a premenopausal woman and may increase the risk of unintended pregnancy. Talk to your doctor about your risk.

This medicine is not approved for use by anyone younger than 18 years old.

Alogliptin-Metformin Side Effects

Get emergency medical help if you havesigns of an allergic reaction(hives, difficult breathing, swelling in your face or throat)or a severe skin reaction(fever, sore throat, burning eyes, skin pain, red or purple skin rash with blistering and peeling).

Stop taking this medicine and call your doctor right away if you havesymptoms of pancreatitis: severe pain in your upper stomach spreading to your back, nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, or fast heartbeats.

Some people using metformin develop lactic acidosis, which can be fatal.Get emergency medical help if you have even mild symptoms such as:

  • unusual muscle pain;
  • feeling cold;
  • trouble breathing;
  • feeling dizzy, light-headed, tired, or very weak;
  • stomach pain, vomiting; or
  • slow or irregular heart rate.

Call your doctor at once if you have:

  • severe or ongoing pain in your joints;
  • pain or burning when you urinate;
  • liver problems--nausea, upper stomach pain, tiredness, loss of appetite, dark urine, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes); or
  • symptoms of heart failure--shortness of breath (even while lying down), swelling in your legs or feet, rapid weight gain.

Common side effects may include:

  • diarrhea, upset stomach;
  • increased blood pressure (severe headache, blurred vision, pounding in your neck or ears);
  • back pain, headache; or
  • cold symptoms such as stuffy nose, sinus pain, sore throat.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Alogliptin-Metformin Interactions

Avoid drinking alcohol. It lowers blood sugar and may increase your risk of lactic acidosis.

Many drugs can affect alogliptin and metformin,making this medicine less effective or increasing your risk of lactic acidosis. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.Not all possible interactions are listed here.Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any medicine you start or stop using.

Alogliptin-Metformin Dosage

Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Use the medicine exactly as directed.

Take alogliptin and metformin with meals.

Low blood sugar(hypoglycemia)can happen to everyone who has diabetes. Symptoms include headache, hunger, sweating, irritability, dizziness, nausea, fast heart rate, and feeling anxious or shaky. To quickly treat low blood sugar, always keep a fast-acting source of sugar with you such as fruit juice, hard candy, crackers, raisins, or non-diet soda.

Your doctor can prescribe a glucagon emergency injection kit to use in case you have severe hypoglycemia and cannot eat or drink. Be sure your family and close friends know how to give you this injection in an emergency.

Also watch for signs of high blood sugar(hyperglycemia)such as increased thirst or urination, blurred vision, headache, and tiredness.

Blood sugar levels can be affected by stress, illness, surgery, exercise, alcohol use, or skipping meals.Ask your doctor before changing your dose or medication schedule.

Alogliptin and metformin is only part of a complete treatment program that may also include diet, exercise, weight control, regular blood sugar testing, and special medical care. Follow your doctor's instructions very closely.

Your doctor may have you take extra vitamin B12 while you are taking alogliptin and metformin. Take only the amount of vitamin B12 that your doctor has prescribed.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. You may have severely low blood sugar (extreme weakness, nausea, tremors, sweating, confusion, trouble speaking, fast heartbeats, or seizure).

Take the medicine (with food) as soon as you can, but skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next dose.Do nottake two doses at one time.

Copyright 1996-2019 Cerner Multum, Inc.

Video: Alogliptin and Pioglitazone Work to Control Blood Sugar Levels - Overview

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Date: 05.12.2018, 02:02 / Views: 32443